JANUS.NET, e-journal of International Relations, and its editor, OBSERVARE, centre for studies in International Relations at Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa, are committed to a large number of deontological principles in its publishing work. This commitment includes all authors and reviewers of all published articles. Our publication follows the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors established by the Committee on Publication Ethics.

So, the editors of JANUS.NET express the follow deontological principles that frame our work:

Be responsible for, within a community of knowledge, producing science as collective patrimony, thus contributing to progress at the service of humanizing society.

Foster freedom of thought, independence, critical and creative thinking, scientific rigor, reliability and credibility of their work.

Respect diversity of values, opinions and preferences of our scientific community members, community we wish is plural and supportive.

As editors of JANUS.NET, we understand as our duties:

Assume our responsibility for the published contents.

Grant a peer review process in accordance with the best international practices.

Grant high standards of transparency in all peer review, edition and publication stages.

Grant the integrity of the entire JANUS.NET collection.

Promote the publication of correction and retraction of any kind of error.

Grant the respect about these Ethic and malpractice publication rules.

As for the authors we understand as ethic and deontological required:

Ensure that the information produced is verifiable, eventual uncertainties of their conclusions should be clearly expressed and proven results and mere hypotheses or speculations should be made distinct.

Acknowledge the social responsibility of their activity in terms of the impact of their publications or public positions, making sure their research does not inadvertently affect other people.

Refuse falsification and manipulation of data able to intentionally distort reality and ensure privacy whenever data confidentiality is at stake.

Steadfastly oppose any attempt to present others’ results as their own, either through literal plagiarism or through undue use of others’ ideas, as well as avoid quotes whose meaning, if out of context, may be completely distorted.

Pay special attention to the authorship of published texts, adequately mentioning all research participants, including students, whose authorization for publication should be requested; there should be no unreferenced use of previously published ideas.

Claim the co-authorship of a text only in case of significant participation and ensure names of authors are listed according to their intellectual input to the research.

Commit to not submitting the same text for publication in more than a peer reviewed publication.

Respect interviewees, participants in surveys and opinion polls, ensuring they are informed of the objectives of the research project.

Respect culture and the natural and social environment of those groups involved in the research.

Establish a straightforward relation with funding institutions, clearly referring and never omitting any organization that contributed to make the study possible or collaborated with the study, as well as respect agreements concerning the ownership of the obtained results.

Expressly declare any conflict of interests, whether in terms of the study or the funding institutions, clearly stating any circumstances that may affect bias.

As for reviewers we also understand as ethic and deontological principles required:

Strictly comply with all peer review practices.

Grant confidentiality in the blind referee process.

Demonstrate objectivity and constructive sense in their opinion.

Point out any relevant published work, which is not cited in the reviewed article.

Meet all established deadlines.


e-ISSN: 1647-7251

ERC: 126 867

Periodicity: semiannual
© Of the issue: OBSERVARE
© Of the texts: the authors


Luis Tomé
Deputy Director:
Brígida Brito


Cooperativa de Ensino Universitário
Rua de Santa Marta 47, 3º
1150-293 LISBOA
NIPC: 501641238